|Physical, occupational, or speech therapy, prescribed by a physician and delivered by a team that includes a licensed, specially-trained therapist.
The horse’s movement is essential to assist in meeting therapy goals.
|Recreational horseback riding lessons adapted to individuals with disabilities.|
|Completed by a licensed therapist (occupational therapist, physical therapist, or speech language pathologist) in conjunction with a professional horse handler and a specially-screened and -trained therapy horse.||Completed by a professional horseback-riding instructor in conjunction with volunteers.|
|A one-on-one treatment designed to achieve individual therapeutic goals. Treatment, depending upon the facilities, generally occurs year-round until the client meets discharge criteria.||The individual is often taught riding skills in a group format, which runs in “sessions.” The instructor must respond to the group as a whole, in addition to fostering individual success.|
|There is direct hands-on participation by the therapist at all times. The treating therapist continually assesses and modifies therapy based on the client’s responses.||There is occasional hands-on assistance by the riding instructor and/or volunteers, but the instructor usually teaches from the center of the arena.|
|The goal is for professional treatment to improve neurological functioning in cognition, body movement, organization, and attention levels.||The emphasis is on proper riding position and rein skills, not functional therapeutic goals.|
|Horses are specifically selected for their temperament, size, and the type of movement they provide for the client.||Horses have been screened to make sure they have the appropriate temperament for the job.|
|Equine-assisted physical, occupational or speech therapy is reimbursable by most medical insurance (third party).||Because therapeutic riding is an adaptive/recreational/sport activity, not therapy, it is not covered by insurance.|